The project is called "PhenX" (pronounced like "phoenix") for Phenotypes and eXposures. Led by RTI International, and funded by the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), the goal of PhenX is to establish a set of standard measures for use in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and other large-scale genomic research efforts. The PhenX Steering Committee (SC), led by SC Chair, Dr. Jonathan Haines, and Vice-Chair, Dr. William R. Harlan, is providing leadership in the selection of domains and domain experts and overall guidance to the project.
Reaching out to the scientific community, RTI International will launch a survey from the PhenX website to get feedback on the first set of proposed measures. The Demographics Measures Survey is expected to go live at the end of June. To sign up to be notified whenever a PhenX Survey goes live, please go to www.phenx.org. Or visit the PhenX website in July to take the survey. Survey responses will be collected for 30 days and be considered when building consensus on a set of measures for inclusion in the PhenX Toolkit. If researchers incorporate measures from the PhenX Toolkit into their studies, then it may be possible to combine complementary studies and maximize the benefits of their research. The proposed demographics measures were chosen by the Demographics Working Group (WG). For more information about who is involved, please go to www.phenx.org.
The Demographics Measures Survey is the first in a series of surveys that will present proposed measures to the scientific community. In each survey, researchers will have an opportunity to rate the usefulness and the priority of the measures, make suggestions to include other measures, and comment on the protocols and procedures for each of the proposed measures. Survey responses will be anonymous. The feedback from the surveys will be used to refine both the selection of measures and the measurement protocols prior to inclusion in the PhenX Toolkit.
Demographics The Demographics WG was the first WG to be established and is helping to pave the way for future WGs. Composed of seven experts, the WG is chaired by Dr. Myles Cockburn, an epidemiologist at the University of Southern California. Each WG also has a member of the PhenX SC who serves as liaison, and the SC liaison to the Demographics WG is Dr. Peter Kraft (see featured SC members below). Other WG members include academic and government researchers and scientists. The WG had their first teleconference on March 11, 2008, and an in-person meeting on April 9, 2008, in Washington, DC; the WG deliberated again by phone on May 21, 2008.
During these meetings, the WG discussed a variety of demographics measures used in large health studies (e.g., Census and National Health Interview Survey [NHIS] and GWAS (e.g., Genetic Association Information Network [GAIN]). The WG is proposing 14 domain elements (see below). Further deliberations are currently under way to select 25 measures to be included in a PhenX Survey expected to launch at the end of June.
Proposed Domain Elements - Demographics
Years in the U.S.
Current Employment Status
Current Marital Status
Anthropometrics The Anthropometrics WG has nine-members; is chaired by Dr. Michele Forman, University of Texas; and includes experts in anthropometry, epidemiology, and genomics research. The SC liaison to the Anthropometrics WG is Dr. Michelle Williams (see featured SC members below). The WG held their first conference call on March 11, 2008, and their in-person meeting on May 2, 2008, in Washington, DC.
During their deliberations, the WG examined various anthropometric measures found in the database of Genotype and Phenotype (dbGaP; e.g., Framingham), and large health studies (e.g., National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey [NHANES]). The WG is considering 15 domain elements (see below) and multiple anthropometrics measures. Further deliberations are needed before presenting the proposed measures to the research community. A PhenX Survey presenting the proposed anthropometrics measures is expected to launch in late July.
Proposed Domain Elements - Anthropometrics
Knee Height/Lower Leg Length
Bone Age/Skeletal Age
Sagittal Abdominal Diameter
Mid-upper Arm Circumference
Featuring Steering Committee Members
Within each newsletter, we will highlight two members of the SC. Here, we present Drs. Peter Kraft and Michelle Williams, who in addition to lending their expertise and guidance to the SC, are currently serving as SC liaisons to the Demographics and Anthropometrics WGs, respectively.
Michelle Williams, ScD. Professor of Epidemiology at the University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine.
Dr. Williams is also Co-Director of the Center for Perinatal Studies at Swedish Medical Center, a multidisciplinary research program involving clinical scholars, basic scientists, and epidemiologists. Her research program focuses on integrating genomic sciences and epidemiological research methods to identify risk factors, diagnostic markers, treatments, and prevention targets for disorders that contribute to maternal and infant mortality. Her current activities include research and teaching collaborations with epidemiologists in Peru, Ecuador, Vietnam, Thailand, Ethiopia, Zimbabwe, and the Republic of Georgia. She has over 180 original research publications.
Peter Kraft, PhD. Assistant Professor of Epidemiology at Harvard University School of Public Health.
Dr. Kraft's research concentrates on statistical methodology for genetic association studies, with particular emphasis on genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and gene-environment interaction. He has published on cost-saving multi-stage designs for GWAS and integrating gene-environment and gene-gene interaction into the analysis of GWAS. He collaborates with researchers at the National Cancer Institute and the Harvard School of Public health on the Cancer Genetic Markers of Susceptibility project-parallel scans for loci influencing breast and prostate cancer risk-and PanScan, a screen for pancreatic cancer susceptibility loci. He is a member of the statistics working group for the international Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium, which is investigating the joint contribution of environmental exposures and variation in particular pathways using a large, prospectively ascertained sample. He also collaborates with researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health and Brigham and Women's Hospital on studies of colorectal cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and kidney stone formation.
Steering Committee Members
Jonathan Haines, PhD, Chair
Vanderbilt University, Center for Human Genetics Research
William R. Harlan, MD, Vice Chair
National Library of Medicine Consultant
Terri H. Beaty, PhD
Johns Hopkins School of Public Health
Lindsay A. Farrer, PhD
Peter Kraft, PhD
Harvard School of Public Health
Mary L. Marazita, PhD
University of Pittsburgh, Center for Craniofacial and Dental Genetics
Jose M. Ordovas, PhD
Tufts University, Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging
Erin Ramos, PhD, MPH
National Human Genome Research Institute
Margaret R. Spitz, MD, MPH
University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center
Patrick Sullivan, MD, FRANZCP
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Diane Wagener, PhD
Michelle Williams, ScD
University of Washington
Research Team Members
Carol M. Hamilton, PhD
PhenX Principal Investigator, RTI International
Diane Wagener, PhD
PhenX co-Investigator, RTI International
Richard Kwok, PhD
PhenX Investigator, RTI International
Deborah Maiese, MPA
Consensus Coordinator, RTI International
Joe Pratt, MPM
PhenX Project Manager, RTI International
Erin Ramos, PhD, MPH
Project Scientist, NHGRI
Teri Manolio, MD, PhD
Director, Office of Population Genomics;
Senior Advisor to the Director, NHGRI, for Population Genomics