Protocol - Color Vision

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Red-green and blue-yellow color blindness are tested using the Neitz Test of Color Vision, a disposable 1-page test which consists of 1 demonstration and 8 test panels. In each plate, colored dots of three different sizes and two different saturations form the outline of a geometrical shape. The shapes, presented as multiple choices, are a circle, a square, a triangle, a diamond, and nothing. The examinee marks the option that represents what he or she sees in the grey dot pattern.

Specific Instructions

Because the test is a precisely calibrated instrument, reproductions of the forms will not yield satisfactory results. Color copiers cannot adequately reproduce the colors that are necessary for the test to yield a valid classification. Furthermore, the test is copyrighted and proprietary and it is therefore impermissible to photocopy test materials for reuse. Test sheets, scoring key and users manual can be purchased from Western Psychological Services, 12031 Wilshire Blvd. Los Angeles, CA 90025-1251, Telephone: (800) 648-8857 - FAX: (310) 478-7838. *Prices of each item are listed below (prices may be subject to change):

Item No.DescriptionPriceW-377ATest sheets (package of 50)$54.50W-377BManual$38.50W-377CScoring Key$14.00

*prices obtained October 15, 2009.


Limited Availability


Lighting: the Neitz Test. must be given in a well-lit area, and the light must not come from an incandescent source (regular light bulb). The test works properly under light coming from a strong fluorescent source or a combination of natural light (sunlight) and fluorescent light.

As shown in Figure 1, the Neitz Test presents a grid including one demonstration item and eight test items, which consist of a gray-scale and color pattern. The Neitz Test detects the two main classes of color blindness, red-green and blue-yellow. The Neitz Test detects both subtypes of red-green color vision (deutan and protan), and it can give an indication of the severity of red-green color blindness.

Each of the nine gray-scale and color patterns has a geometric shape embedded in it. The test panel contains a vanishing-type, desaturated geometric shape against a neutral background. A set of darker dots on each plate suggests an alternate shape that serves as a distractor.

Below each pattern are five response options: a circle, a triangle, a square, a diamond, and nothing. The examinee simply marks the option that represents what he or she sees in the grey dot pattern. Alternatively, small children are instructed to trace the shape they see in each panel with a pencil or crayon. The manual provides scripted instructions for an investigator to use in administering the protocol. The demonstration item is visible to even severely color-blind individuals and is designed to make the instructions clear. Anyone who makes one error or more on a test should be re-tested with different version of the form. The scoring key is used to obtain the test results and to identify the possible type and severity of the participants color vision deficiency.

Multiple versions of the test are available to facilitate group administration.

Figure 1. Example of Neitz Test
Figure 1. Example of Neitz Test
Thumbnail: Click to open

Sample Test Sheet for the Neitz Test of Color Vision copyright © 2001 by Western Psychological Services. Reprinted by RTI International for the sole purpose of illustration, by permission of WPS, 12031 Wilshire Boulevard, Los Angeles, California, 90025, U.S.A., www.wpspublish.com. Not to be reprinted in whole or in part for any additional purpose. All rights reserved.

Personnel and Training Required


Equipment Needs

The test is copyrighted and proprietary and it is therefore impermissible to photocopy test materials for reuse. The testing materials include:
The Neitz Test of Color Test Sheets (WPS Product No. W-377A(1), (2), and (3))
The Scoring Key (WPS Product No. W-377C)
The Manual (WPS Product No. W-377B)

Available for purchase from:
Western Psychological Services
12031 Wilshire Blvd. Los Angeles, CA 90025-1251Telephone: (800) 648-8857 - FAX: (310) 478-7838

Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire


Child, Adolescent, Adult


Individuals aged 4 years and older

Selection Rationale

The Neitz detects the presence and severity of the two main classes of color blindness: blue-yellow (tritan) and red-green. It further distinguishes the two subtypes of red-green color blindness (deutan and protan). The Neitz test can be administered in group environments in less than 5 minutes, is suitable for persons of almost any age, including very young children, and requires no specialized training to administer or score.


Chinese, English

Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Color vision proto 62681-2 LOINC
Human Phenotype Ontology Color blindness HP:0007641 HPO
Derived Variables


Process and Review

Not applicable.

Protocol Name from Source

The Neitz Test of Color Vision

Neitz J., Summerfelt P., Neitz M. (2001) The Neitz Test of Color Vision Manual. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
Neitz, M., Neitz, J. (2001). A new mass screening test for color-vision deficiencies in children. Color Research and Application, 26(S1), S239-S249.
General References

Barnhardt C, Block SS, Deemer B, Calder AJ, DeLand P. (2006). Color vision screening for individuals with intellectual disabilities: a comparison between the Neitz Test of Color Vision and Color Vision Testing Made Easy. Optometry, 77(5):211-6.

Protocol ID


Export Variables
Variable Name Variable IDVariable DescriptiondbGaP Mapping
PX110201000000 Protocol 110201 - proprietary. Check DCW for more
contact. show less
Measure Name

Color Vision

Release Date

February 26, 2010


A screening test to determine color blindness.


Color blindness is a common inherited disorder. Eight to 10 percent of all males are color blind, as well as approximately one-half of 1 percent of all females (Neitz, Summerfelt, and Neitz, 2001).


Ocular, Color Vision, Color blindness, Neitz, proprietary

Measure Protocols
Protocol ID Protocol Name
110201 Color Vision

There are no publications listed for this protocol.