Protocol - Temperament - Child

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The Children’s Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ) is a 195-item, parent-report questionnaire used to measure the temperament of a child (3-7 years old). The 36-item instrument Very Short Form (CBQ-VSF) includes questions from the original CBQ to assess three broad factors (urgency/extraversion, negative affectivity, effortful control). Respondents are asked to read each description of behavior and indicate how many times in the past week the child exhibited this behavior. Respondents should circle the frequency on a 7-point Likert scale, beginning with "extremely untrue of your child" (1) and ending with "extremely true of your child" (7). A "not applicable" response is also available.

Specific Instructions





The Children’s Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ) may be obtained by completing the request form on Mary Rothbart’s website (http://www.bowdoin.edu/~sputnam/rothbart-temperament-questionnaires/) and sending the form to the contact person indicated. Information about scoring the instrument is also available by request.

Personnel and Training Required


Equipment Needs


Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Proxy-administered questionnaire




Parent of a child aged 3-7 years

Selection Rationale

Dr. Mary Rothbart is a pioneer in the measure of temperament, and her Children’s Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ) has been used successfully since 1994 and translated into 20 languages. The instrument was revised in 2006 to create a Short Form (CBQ-SF) and Very Short Form (CBQ-VSF). The original instrument had 195 items and 15 scales.


Chinese, English, Other languages available at source

Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Temperament - child proto 62935-2 LOINC
Human Phenotype Ontology Mood swings HP:0000720 HPO
Human Phenotype Ontology Mood changes HP:0001575 HPO
Derived Variables


Process and Review

Expert Review Panel 4 (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.

Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:

· No changes

Protocol Name from Source

Childrens Behavior Questionnaire-Very Short Form (CBQ-VSF)


Putnam, S. P., & Rothbart, M. K. (2006). Development of short and very short forms of the Children’s Behavior Questionnaire. Journal of Personality Assessment, 87(1), 103-113.

Rothbart, M. K., Ahadi, S. A., Hershey, K. L., & Fisher, P. (2001). Investigations of temperament at 3-7 years: The Children’s Behavior Questionnaire. Child Development, 72, 1394-1408.

General References

Rothbart, M. K., Ahadi, S. A., & Hershey, K. L. (1994). Temperament and social behavior in childhood. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 40, 21-39.

Rothbart, M. K., & Bates, J. E. (1998). Temperament. In W. Damon (Series Ed.) & N. Eisenberg (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3. Social, emotional and personality development (5th ed., pp. 105-176). New York: Wiley.

Protocol ID


Export Variables
Variable Name Variable IDVariable DescriptiondbGaP Mapping
PX181101000000 Protocol 181101 - proprietary. Check DCW for more
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Measure Name


Release Date

December 13, 2010


This is a measure used to assess individual differences in emotional and motor reactivity and the attentional capacities that support self-regulation in children.


Temperament includes several dimensions of emotion and reactivity that are part of a person’s personality. Maturation and life experiences change these dimensions as a person ages. These dimensions can be measured via questionnaires, and the results may be correlated with changes in personality and behaviors later in life.


Psychosocial, affect, behavior, mood, impulsivity, personality

Measure Protocols
Protocol ID Protocol Name
181101 Temperament - Child
181102 Temperament - Early Childhood
181103 Temperament - Infant
181104 Temperament - Adolescent
181105 Temperament - Adult

There are no publications listed for this protocol.